parodontoza boala parodontala

Parodontosis - periodontitis disease - is a chronic, inflammatory gum disease. Periodontitis occurs in the supporting tissues of the tooth arch: gum, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and can lead to tooth loss by destroying soft tissue and the bone that supports the teeth.

The cause of periodontitis is represented by certain bacteria localized at the boundary between the gum and tooth which under certain conditions (poor oral hygiene, smoking, diabetes, stress increased, decreased immunity, genetic predisposition, etc.) begin to multiply and infiltrate around the tooth, between the gum and tooth root causing bone destruction and teeth begin to move.

A fundamental element linked to periodontal disease is the plaque ("rock") that fills the base of the teeth. It contains among others bacteria that leads to gum and bone destruction. In advanced stages of the disease, the plaque is deposited on the tooth root surface under the gums, making it impossible to remove by conventional means.

Not all cases of periodontal disease have the same signs but the most common are:

  • Existing plaque deposits at the base of teeth
  • Bleeding gums after brushing
  • Swelling gums
  • The emergence of purulent secretions when pressing the gum
  • Gum recession revealing the tooth root
  • Teeth movement and even their loss

Without proper treatment the periodontitis disease progresses and these effects occur:

  • Bone destruction will be more pronounced
  • Gums continue to withdraw and teeth will seem longer
  • Tooth movement will occur becoming increasingly painful
  • The gradual loss of teeth.